Average Salary Projection
IT Security Consultant
You Can Earn
IT Security Technician
Average salary for an
IT Security Engineer
You can earn an average of £44,017.08 a year
Career Questions Answered
What skills do I need to become an IT Security Engineer?
You will need to show a combination of soft and technical skills.
Soft skills include:
- Attention to detail
- Ability to work under pressure
- Strong written and verbal communication
Technical skills include:
- IDS/IPS, penetration and vulnerability testing
- Operating systems – Windows, UNIX, Linux
- Database platforms – MySQL, MSSQL
- Awareness of PCI DSS and GDPR
- Advanced Persistent Threats (APT), phishing and social engineering, network access controlled (NAC), gateway anti-malware and enhanced authentication
- Firewall and intrusion detection/prevention protocols
- Secure coding practices, ethical hacking and threat modelling
The technical skills for each IT Security Engineer position will vary depending on what the employer expects from you. The technical level of security engineering and the level of job role you are applying for will also vary and advanced skills may be required.
What is the difference between an IT Security Engineer and Security Analyst?
The main difference between an IT Security Engineer and a Security Analyst is that engineers tend to fix systems and ensure they are secure, whereas analysts are tasked with finding risks and weaknesses in the systems.
It is the role of a Security Engineer to build robust security solutions such as firewalls to protect the system from malicious use and system failures.
Do I need to have a degree?
While a degree in computer science or a related subject may be advantageous in securing your dream role, it is not a necessity. It is however highly desired that you have official qualifications from accredited training providers such as CompTIA and EC-Council.
Specialised courses are becoming an increasingly popular route to IT careers than traditional university education. They allow you to gain internationally recognised certifications from the comfort of your home and in a timescale that suits you. Courses such as the CompTIA Security+, Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), CompTIA Cybersecurity Analyst (CySA+) will all build on your skillset and make you more employable.
For those who are new to IT security, we have the ideal course package to start your journey into IT, the Become an IT Security Engineer.
What is the typical work environment for this career?
IT Security Engineers are typically based in the office and work between 35 to 40 hours, Monday to Friday. However, there may be a need to work outside standard business hours depending on projects and the specific nature of the work. You may also be required to work on a 24/7 call-out rota to allow for a quick response to any cyber security incidents that may arise.
Some companies may require shift work, including evenings, nights and at weekends.
What are the day-to-day duties of an IT Security Engineer?
As an IT Security Engineer you can expect your day-to-day responsibilities to include the following;
- Creating new ways to solve existing security issues
- Regularly updating software
- Installing programs to reduce security risk
- Vulnerability testing, risk analyses and security assessments
- Reporting findings to management
- Leading incident response activities
- Watching out for irregular behaviour
- Assist with on-going protection of digital assets
- Maintenance and expansion of the security architecture
- Investigate security breaches
What is the career path for an IT Security Engineer?
If you are looking to start your career in IT Security the entry-level role that you would be likely to begin with would be a Junior IT Engineer or IT Support.
Once you have gained experience in the field you can progress to an IT Security Engineer, where you will have added responsibilities of ensuring the company has the appropriate IT Security policies and technologies in place.
The progression from IT Security Engineer could lead you into becoming a Security Architect, Security Manager or a Security Consultant. You could also advance into a C-suite position such as a Security Director or a Chief Information Security Officer (CISO).